Iran, deploying submarines in the Red Sea has caused a stir within the U.S., Israel, and NATO countries. From a military historical standpoint, submarines have been conducting operations (German U-boats ) were on station during the second world war in the same area (even off of the east coast of the United States), creating havoc with allied shipping during that period. Upgrading their shipping and navy Iran wants to be a regional superpower preparing for future attacks against their country (air and sea based). The submarines would collect intelligence in international waters on maritime shipping, warships, surveillance (land and sea). Iranian warships would accompany the transiting submarines along the anti piracy route in the Gulf of Aden prior to them moving to the Red Sea – no details of numbers or capabilities of the submarines prior to entering the patrol area. Originally Iran had three Russian made submarines with last year being delivered four more to it’s navy. Intelligence does note that some of the subs are Ghadir class subs – can fire missiles and torpedoes while in shallow water. (Persian Gulf off the Iranian coast). Israel upset because two naval ships paid a visit to Syria (considers Iran a nuclear threat). Because of Iran’s support for the Lebanese Hezbollah and Palestinian Hamas has called for Israel’s destruction. Up in arms (U.S. and Israel) because of Iran’s nuclear weapons development, pressure has been applied thru International sanctions (not ruling out the possibility of nuclear strikes if sanctions fail). The submarine has the ability to evade sonar and launch torpedoes and missiles simultaneously. They would provide Iran with a retaliatory response to any military strike by the U.S., Israel, and any nation aimed at their nuclear facilities. Up to 40% of the world’s oil supply moves thru the Gulf narrow straits of Hormuz for markets in the west and far east.Currently Iran has 11 Ghadir class subs. They are rated at 120-500 tons and bought , or in a kit form or from North Korea. Similar characteristics are shared with the North Korea’s “Yugo Class” sub (collaborated closely with other military areas – missile development). On an earlier note three Russian built submarines of the Kilo class (diesel-electric) were purchased in the 1990’s. Speaking for the Ghadir class submarines Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi said “They would help with the rapid transfer of special forces in detecting enemy vessels and identifying targets”. The country’s defense product chain is complete with their mass production of submarines along with various guided missile launchers. U.S. and foreign navies operate in the Persian Gulf; specifically the U.S. Navy’s Fifth Fleet (based in Bahrain) whose responsibility is; 1) the Gulf as well as the Red Sea, 2) Gulf of Aden, 3) parts of the Indian Ocean including the East Africa coastline. Countries close to the Persian Gulf are to be held responsible for their security claimed Valada who later raised the subject again during a visit to Oman last week. Besides Oman and Iraq, the littoral states are Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates. Here are some scenarios: 1) Iranian submarines can be on station in the Chesapeake Bay awaiting the orders to fire at Washington D.C. or Baltimore (transported under merchant vessels and released at predetermined coordinates), 2) disrupt the economy of Baltimore, 3) Iranian or other Baltimore businessmen would reinvest in Iranian technology (subcontractors), 4) crews transported to other ports where the submarines are built in sections and leave those areas following non traditional tactics arriving on station in key cities (happened after the Treaty of Versailles ending World War 1, and 5) possibility of high tech design nuclear powered subs followed up with related coupled technology with near unlimited range. ASW efforts (airborne, advanced SOSUS, submarines and satellites need to be modified to match the current situation. Baltimore businessmen who work in the defense field should put tracers on their technology (software, hardware, etc.). Intelligence analysis is the key. This threat could send the price of oil to 200 USD a barrel (disrupting Baltimore business).