If you suffer from addiction and you live in South Carolina please see: Addiction Treatment Centers in South Carolina.
Morphine is a highly addictive substance. It can cause psychological dependence and physical dependence as well as cause the user to build up a tolerance. Morphine has an addiction potential identical to that of Heroin. When taken, Morphine becomes a very serious narcotic habit and addiction can develop in a matter of weeks. In the presence of pain and the other disorders for which Morphine is used, a combination of psychological and physiological factors tend to prevent true addiction from developing, although physical dependence and tolerance will develop if prolonged opioid treatment is given. In hospital settings Morphine can be monitored and addiction is not likely to develop. Morphine was initially a treatment for pain, however like many drugs of this kind it was quickly misused and abused.
Addictive drugs, such as Morphine activate the brain’s reward systems. The promise of reward is very intense, causing the individual to crave Morphine and to focus his or her activities around the taking of Morphine. The ability of Morphine to strongly activate brain reward mechanisms and its ability to chemically alter the normal functioning of these systems can produce a Morphine addiction. Morphine also reduces a person’s level of consciousness, harming the ability to think or be fully aware of present surroundings.
The stages of withdrawal from Morphine
Several hours after last dose, the addict will begin to have drug craving, and increased anxiety.
By hour 15 since the last dose, an addict will begin Yawning, increased perspiration,crying, running nose, dysphoria (An emotional state characterized by anxiety, depression, or unease), odd sleep patterns and behaviors.
Up to one day after last dose, an addict may experience nasal discharge, and an increase in the above listed symptoms additionally, an addict will also have dilated pupils, raised bumps on skin ie: Goosebumps, muscle twitches, hot flashes, cold flashes, aching bones and muscles, loss of appetite and the beginning of intestinal cramping.
One to 1 1/2 days after last dose, addict may experience an increase in all of the above mentioned symptoms including severe cramping and involuntary leg movements, loose stools, insomnia, elevation of blood pressure, moderate elevation in body temperature, increase in frequency of breathing, tachycardia (rapid pulse) , restlessness, and nausea.
One and a half to three days after last dose addict is likely to experience, an increase in the above listed symptoms, stay or revert to fetal position, vomiting, free and frequent liquid diarrhea,involuntary ejaculation, which is often painful, saturation of bedding materials with bodily fluids, weight loss due to fluid loss, increased white cell count and other blood changes.
After completion of above: Recovery of appetite, and normal bowel functions, beginning of transition to post-acute and chronic symptoms that are mainly psychological but that may also include increased sensitivity to pain, hypertension, colitis or other gastrointestinal afflictions related to motility, and problems with weight control in either direction.
For additional help and information resources see: The Addicted Family
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