The Hoyle state is an excited electronic state of the carbon-12 atom. Carbon 12 is the most abundant form of carbon on Earth. Plants and animals are essentially carbon life forms.
The Hoyle state is theoretically necessary for the production of heavier weight atoms in helium burning red stars.The Hoyle state is a transient form of carbon.
Fred Hoyle predicted the existence of this transitory state of matter over 50 years ago and the existence has been confirmed experimentally but the
The Hoyle state predicts that 4 helium atoms are transformed into carbon 12 by the triple alpha process. Larger and heavier elements can be produced by the addition of a helium nucleus to carbon.
The calculation of the Hoyle state constants have not been possible by humans basically because the math is so complex that the work would take longer than any single person would live.
Researchers at the University of Bonn, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, North Carolina State University, and Forschungszentrum Jülich used the JUGENE supercomputer at Forschungszentrum Jülich to perform the calculations. The computer took seven days to produce a result.
The results agree with theoretical and experimentally observed constants for the Hoyle state.
In quantum physics you cannot justify a theory unless you can do the math that theoretically predicts a result. For many of the observed phenomena involved in the Hoyle state and other phenomena predicted by the Hoyle state the math is so complex that a person could never accomplish the calculations.
Ab Initio Calculation of the Hoyle State
Evgeny Epelbaum 1, Hermann Krebs 1, Dean Lee 2, and Ulf-G. Meißner 3,4
1Institut für Theoretische Physik II, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, D-44870 Bochum, Germany
2Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA
3Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik and Bethe Center for Theoretical Physics, Universität Bonn, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
4Institut für Kernphysik, Institute for Advanced Simulation and Jülich Center for Hadron Physics, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, Germany
The results was reviewed at the EurekaAlert web site on May 9, 2011.
Fred Hoyle coined the idiot term “Big Bang” because he did not agree with Georges Lemaitre. It appears they were both at least partially correct. No scientist uses the idiot term “Big Bang. The idea is called ‘hypothesis of the primeval atom’.