Having discussed the work of the Father in the act of redemption, we come to Owen’s exposition of the role of Son in the same. The Son voluntary submitted to the Father in living a perfect life in order to become an acceptable sacrifice for those whom God had given him(Heb. 10:6, 7)(Owen 62). He came to do this work of his father(Jhn. 4:34, 6:38)(Owen 62). Having lived a perfect life, he declared to the Father that he had finished his appointed work(Jhn. 17:4)(Owen 62). This work of the Son has three components: The first component is his incarnation. God became flesh(Jhn. 1:14)(Owen 62), born of a woman(Gal. 4:4)(Owen 62), manifested in the flesh(1 Tim. 3:6)(Owen 62). He partook of the same sort of flesh and blood as his brethren(Heb. 2:14), whom the Father had given him(Heb. 2:13)(Owen 63). He did this in order to accomplish the second part of his incarnation: His “oblation”, or sin offering. He offered himself up in order to purge our consciences(Heb. 10:14), washed us from our sins in his blood(Rev. 1:5), gave himself up for his church(Eph. 5:25, 26), bearing the wrath of God “but not for himself”(Dan. 9:26)(Owen 63). He sanctified himself(Jhn. 17:19) as a sin offering for a specific, select group of people, dying for the ungodly(Rom. 5:6)(Owen 63). The end for which Christ died was to take away the sin of the world(Jhn. 1:29)(Owen 63).
Lastly, his intercession for those for whom he gave himself as a sin offering. Owen points out how unusual it would be for Christ to die for every single person, but then only intercede on behalf of those whom God had given him. It would have made more sense for him to die specifically, and only, for those whom God had given him. Christ offered himself for the sins of his chosen ones, and entered into the heavenly holy of holies in order to offer up his blood to God, and intercede for them(Heb. 10:7). He obtains eternal redemption for “us”(Heb. 10:11, 12). He entered the holy of holies in order to appear in the presence of God for “us”(Heb. 10:24). He appears in order to be our advocate and apply the redemptive benefits obtained for those whom the Father had given him. The reason he is our advocate(1 Jhn. 2:1) is because he is the propitiation for our sins(1 Jhn. 2:2)(Owen 64). That is, as Owen notes, his being a sacrifice for our sins is the ground for his intercession. Were he not our sacrifice, he would not intercede for us. To put it another way: He is our sacrifice. Therefore, he intercedes for us. If he does not intercede for someone, it is because he is not their sacrifice. He does not pray for those whom the Father has not given him(Jhn. 17:9).
Therefore, he is not their sacrifice. Moreover, those for whom Christ intercedes are infallibly and invincibly preserved in their salvation, since God the Father always hears the prayers of the Son(Jhn. 11:42)(Owen 65). It is for this reason that his intercession saves his chosen ones to the uttermost(Heb. 7:25). He tells his Father that he desires those for whom he has prayed to dwell with him forever(Jhn. 17:24). Since the Father always hears the Son(Jhn. 11:42), this request must be granted, lest the prayer of the Son fall on deaf ears, which the scripture, as we have seen, expressly forbids. The Son asks for the kingdoms of the earth(Ps. 2:8) and they are granted him(Owen 64). Can our disobedience nullify God’s promise to the Son? God forbid! Moreover, Owen points out that the ground on which the apostle bases his assurance that none shall lay any charge against God’s elect is that Christ died and is at the right hand of God making intercession for them(Rom. 8:33, 34). Christ’s death, resurrection, ascension and intercession are conjoined with one another, so that the scope of the first is commensurate with the scope of the last(Owen 64-65). What is true of one, is true of the others. Owen assures us that we will hear more about this later, and thus concludes the chapter.
Owen, John. The Death of Death in the Death of Christ. Edinburgh: Banner of Truth Trust, 2007. Print. 62-65.