The nasal planum or the tip of a dog’s nose is an area where squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can develop. Cancer in the tissues of the nose pad, or in the mucous membranes of the nose, typically results from over-exposure to ultra-violet light or exposure to and inhaling of toxic chemicals. SCC of the nasal planum is a rare malignant tumor which does not spread to other parts of the body. Dogs seldom contract a nasal planum and any breed can be affected. Dogs with larger nasal passages are more susceptible as well as those with light pigmented noses. Cats are more prone to nasal planum than dogs. Other cancers besides SCC have been reported in the nasal planum as well, such as lymphoma, fibro sarcoma, hemangioma, melanoma, mast cell tumors, and fibroma and eosinophilia granuloma. It is extremely rare that a Chihuahua would ever get SCC. For further documented information and you are from the Rockford area, check with your local vet at http://www.petswelcome.com/illinois/rockford/veterinarians.html or your own personal doctor.
According to Petmd.com, some of the common causes of nasal planum cancers are excessive exposure to sunlight; absence of protective pigment on the nose; and exposure to toxic inhalants such as home chemicals, including indoor use of coal, cigarettes, and air fresheners.
Signs and symptoms of nasal planum cancer can be difficulty breathing through the nose, sneezing/reversed sneezing, nasal discharge, nose bleeds, excessive eye irritations including swelling and loss of sight, and neurological problems/seizures, disorientation and behavior changes due to pressure on the brain. Visible symptoms usually occur in the mucous membrane of the nostril and the external planum.
Following a complete physical examination and medical history of your dog, your veterinarian may order tests such as a complete blood count, biochemical profiles, a urinalysis, a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scan to provide a more definitive diagnosis of the tumor.
Limit your dog’s expose to the sun since sunscreens are most often ineffective. Dogs tend to lick it off their nose. Treatment options for SCC include lasers, cryosurgery, and chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Surgery will be required to remove the tumor, followed by radiation and/or chemotherapy. Your dog may be prescribed a medication to treat pain.
Because SCC rarely spreads, prognosis is good and your dog can live a long, happy, normal life after surgery and treatment. Your veterinarian may suggest dietary changes, focusing on more proteins and less carbohydrates and fats in order to maintain body weight and healthy condition. Try to keep your dog quiet and comfortable during his recovery and remember to minimize his exposure to the sun.
http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/cancer/c_dg_squamous_cell_carcinoma_nasal_planum http://petcancercenter.org/Cancer_Types_nasal_planum.html http://www.vetinfo.com/dnose.html
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For Vet assistance in the Rockford area, you can check out – http://www.rockfordvetclinics.com/, http://bellwoodvets.com/, http://www.petswelcome.com/illinois/rockford/veterinarians.html http://www.perryvillepet.com/, http://bellwoodvets.com/services_surgical.php – for all cat issues, go to – http://local.catster.com/Spay_Neutering_Rockford_IL-p3154-Rockford_IL.html
For all your pets needs in Rockford, go to your local PETCO – 6305 East State Street, Rockford, IL 61108, (815) 229-0184 – http://www.petco.com/or your local PETSMART – 6320 East State Street, Rockford, IL 61108, (815) 397-7880 – http://stores.petsmart.com/result-details.php?store=493 – PETLAND, (815) 332-4200 – www.petland.com/
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