Now that summer has arrived in Memphis, many adults may experience oilier skin than usual. With a combination of exposure to excess heat and an increase in oil production in the skin, the likelihood of some adults experiencing adult acne may increase. The occurrence of adult onset acne or adult acne is more common that most people believe The excess oil can become a contributing factor to adult acne. Recent statistics have shown that 1 in 5 women between the ages of 25 and 40 have experienced adult acne.
What are the causes of adult acne?
Adult acne is caused by a build-up of fatty deposits (sebum) within the pores of the skin. Sebum is the oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands (oil glands). An over-secretion of sebum results in “clogged” skin pores, thus trapping bacteria within the affected pores. The affected pores then become inflamed.
Adult acne may also be caused by an imbalance in male (androgen) and female (estrogen) hormones.
Other causes of adult acne include:
- Increased Stress
- Medications, usually corticosteroids
- Hormonal imbalance in women during pregnancy, perimenopause, and menopause
- Hypersensitivity to certain skin care products
Who’s at risk of developing adult acne?
Adults with a family history of severe acne are at a greater risk of experiencing adult acne. Although the risk of developing acne is greater in teens and young adults, many dermatologists are now treating an increase in adults in their 30’s and 40’s.
How is adult acne treated?
Adult acne is treated over a period of time, depending on your skin’s reaction to certain treatments, and your skin care regimen. When you experience the first onset of adult acne, usually in the form of “whiteheads”, “blackheads”, or “pimples”, consult your local dermatologist is the condition worsens over the course of several days.
Some individuals may experience acne outbreak during periods of increased stress or during hormonal imbalances.
Once your dermatologist confirms that you have adult acne, he or she will help you determine the best course of treatment for your skin type.
Typical treatments for adult acne include:
- Benzoyl peroxide (typically used in treating acne in teens)
- Oral antibiotics
- Topical antibiotics (gels, lotions, and topical solutions)
- Creams and lotions (Retinol)
- Cleansing regimen
- Optional laser removal and other cosmetic treatments
How to reduce acne occurrences
The best way to minimize your chances of experiencing adult acne is to know your skin type and become aware of any common triggers of acne breakouts, such as certain foods or exposure to certain chemicals.
Follow up with your dermatologist and maintain a skin care regimen to help reduce future acne outbreaks.